Communication Essentials for Industrial Automation Systems (TS07)

ISA TS07 Communication Essentials for Industrial Automation Systems Training Image Engineer tablet computer energy factory
This course provides instrument engineers with a thorough understanding of real-world technologies that are relevant now and will also be applicable in the future. Modern digital instrumentation and automation technology is heavily reliant on both wired and wireless communications. During this course, instrument engineers will be exposed to a range of communication technologies required to properly design, deploy and maintain these automation technologies.

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Self-Paced, Modular (TS07M)

Length: 18 Modules 
CEU Credits: 6.3

Self-Paced Modular Offering (TS07M)

Learning Objectives

This course includes a broad scope of learning objectives. Expand the topic headings below to view the learning objectives you will be able to achieve upon completing this course.

Serial Communication Basic Concepts

  • Explain general concepts of communication
  • Determine the importance of Serial Communication
  • Identify various communication channel classifications
    • Simplex
    • Half-duplex
    • Full-duplex
  • Identify different media types and their issues in communication

RS232 Standard

  • Explain the history of the RS-232 communication standard
  • Describe the mechanical and functional specifications
  • Identify various circuits and cables
  • Describe common cabling problems
  • Explain useful tools for troubleshooting

Transmission Types

  • Explain asynchronous transmission
  • Describe the use of UARTs
  • Explain synchronous transmission
  • Explain differential signaling advantages of RS-422 and RS-485 over RS-232

Message Framing

  • Explain various types of data encoding
  • Explain differences between ASCII and UNICODE
  • Describe the various ways time and date are represented in computers

Protocols—Modbus and RTU

  • Explain the protocol basics of framing
  • Identify error detection, correction, and recovery techniques
  • Define the MODUS-RTU protocol

Protocols—DNP 3.0

  • Explain the architecture and models of the DNP 3.0 protocol
  • Identify the topologies
  • Describe communication transactions
  • Define the frame structure
  • Explain the function codes of the protocol
  • Identify and list the supported data types

Ethernet Technology

  • Explain the basic elements that compose an Ethernet message frame
  • Explain the difference between a hub and a switch
  • Explain the importance of adding an EtherType code to message frames

Ethernet Cabling

  • Explain commercial ethernet cabling
  • Identify cable categories
  • Describe cable length/speed limits
  • Explain industrial Ethernet connectors
  • Identify Ethernet hardware
  • Demonstrate Ethernet cabling practices

IP Addressing

  • Explain the basics of IPv4 addresses
  • Describe CIDR IP addresses
  • Identify IP Subnet Masks
  • Recognize IP address rules
  • Complete IP address and Subnet usage activities

IP Network Architecture

  • Compare Industrial Protocols to ISO Model
  • Differentiate OSI from IP Model
  • Describe the IP Model
  • Explain Network-to-Network Connections
  • Practice routing decisions

LAN Reliability

Part 1
  • Explain the purpose of the Purdue Model for Plant Networking
  • Describe Switched Ethernet Architectures
  • Identify Bandwidth Aggregation Considerations
  • Explain the three Switch message passing modes and how they impact message latency
Part 2
  • Explain broadcast storms
  • Define spanning tree and rapid spanning tree
  • Describe Ethernet fault tolerance
  • Explain counter-rotating rings
Part 3
  • Explain Power over Ethernet
  • Describe how Sniffing Ethernet traffic works with a LAN
  • Identify Remote Switch Mirroring or RSPAN 
  • Define some other switch features
  • Explain auto port configuration

Making IP Networks Work

Part 1
  • Define ARP and RARP
  • Describe BOOTP and DHCP
  • Explain Broadcast Addressing
  • Summarize Network Address Translation
Part 2
  • Identify parts of the IP Datagram Structure for version 4
  • Explain Header Fields for IPV4
  • Discuss difference with IPv6
Part 3
  • Describe the use of Trivial FTP
  • Explain hash codes
  • Identify uses for encoding binary numbers

Transport Layer Protocols

  • Explain TCP and UDP protocols and transport services
  • Recognize the Port numbers used
  • Describe TCP sessions
  • Explain message fragmentation and detail error recovery using ICMP messages

Commonly Used Application Protocols

  • Identify commonly used application protocols
  • Explain Root Level DNS
  • Describe Plant Automation Systems
  • Explain NetBIOS
  • Describe system and host files

Common Time

  • Explain SNTP
  • Describe the need for common time
  • Identify ways of getting and distributing time
  • Identify timekeeping challenges
  • Explain event logging

Remote Device Management (SNMP)

  • Describe clients and agents
  • Identify Remote Administration messages/commands
  • Explain Commercial SNMP Clients
  • Identify Management Information Bases (or MIBs) and explain variables

Advanced Ethernet Switch Functions

  • Explain Ethernet switches
  • Identify hubs and switches
  • Describe switch configuration
  • Locate and apply switch settings

Advanced Layer 3 Switch

Part 1
  • Define user authentication
  • Explain port security concerns
  • Describe the difference between CLI and web interface for switch configuration
Part 2
  • Describe how switches use VLAN technology
  • Identify security features
  • Explain configuration and administration options

Industrial IP Protocols

  • Explain application layer protocols
  • Identify industrial Ethernet protocols
  • Define EtherNet/IP
  • Describe common industrial protocol (CIP)
  • Describe how to adhere to ODVA standards

Open Process Control (OPC)

  • Explain OLE for Process Control (OPC)
  • Describe interoperability standards
  • Identify uses of OPC

Industrial Protocols

  • Explain the use of Smart Instrumentation ‘bus’
  • Identify the difference between Foundation Fieldbus (H1) and Foundation Fieldbus HSE
  • Describe the need for Highway-Addressable Remote Transmitter (HART) and the added capability of HARTIP

Wireless Instrumentation Standards

  • Identify the advantages and limitations of wireless device networks
  • Describe wireless mesh networks
  • Explain the benefits of WirelessHART mesh networks
  • Explain the difference between standards

Fiber Optic Technology

  • Explain fiber optic technologies
  • Describe the difference between single-mode and multimode fiber
  • Identify connectors and explain their use
  • Calculate speed and distance variations

Basic Cybersecurity Concepts

Part 1
  • Explain cryptography and how it applies to cybersecurity
  • Summarize the concepts of public key infrastructure
  • Identify cyber defense technologies
Part 2​
  • Explain ways of creating cybersecurity
  • Identify and describe cybersecurity technologies
  • Explain what social engineering is and identify ways to protect against it

Firewalls for Industrial Use

  • Identify industrial crade firewalls
  • Explain Snort and what it is used for
  • Describe the process of firewalling industrial protocols

Microsoft Windows Internals

  • Describe the use of a command prompt
  • Identify some of the commands for troubleshooting
  • Explain the use of batch files and scripting

Virtualization Basic Concepts

  • Define virtualization and explain the advantages it offers
  • Describe virtual desktops and what they offer
  • Describe virtual machines and their requirements
  • Identify VMware tools

Topics Covered

View TS07 Topics

  • What is Data Communications?
    • ISO/OSI Reference Model
    • Terminology Basics
  • Serial Communications
    • Modem Principles
    • The EIA-232E Standard
    • Beyond 232: EIA-422/423/485/530 Standards
  • Transmission Types and Message Framing
  • Data Link Layer Basics
    • Data Encoding
    • Error Detection/Correction Schemes
  • Industrial Protocols
    • Modbus and Modbus/IP
    • DNP3.0 and DF-1
  • LAN Technologies
    • Overview of Ethernet Technology
    • Ethernet Cabling and Configuration Rules
    • Repeaters, Bridges, Routers, and Gateways
  • TCP/IP Basics
    • Is Ethernet Ready for the Plant Floor?
    • Industrial Ethernet Design Techniques
  • Fiber Optics
    • Standards
    • Cables
    • Applications
    • Limitations
  • Wireless Industrial Communications
    • SP100
    • Wireless HART
    • Wireless Fieldbus
    • Wireless Profibus
  • Basic Cybersecurity
  • Data Exchange 
    • Using OPC for Inter-system Data Exchanges

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