November/December 2013
Automation Update

Water and wastewater industry cyberattacks increasing

faucetAccording to data in the Repository for Industrial Security Incidents (RISI) database, the transportation and water and wastewater industry sectors have both experienced large increases in reported cybersecurity incidents in recent years: 160 percent and 60 percent, respectively. These findings and many more were published in the2013 Annual Report on Cyber Security Incidents and Trends Affecting Industrial Control Systems.

RISI is an industry-wide repository for collecting, analyzing, and sharing information regarding cybersecurity incidents that directly affect industrial control and supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) systems. Industrial automation system suppliers, end users, and international government agencies and research institutes have used RISI data for business justification, risk analysis, and a variety of research projects.

Industrial control system and SCADA security has been a serious concern for more than a decade, but has come under increased scrutiny following the discovery of the Stuxnet virus in 2010, the Duqu virus in 2011, and the Shamoon virus in 2012. All of these viruses specifically targeted industrial control systems.

The 2013 report includes detailed analysis of the 240 incidents recorded in the RISI database from 2001 through 2012. The analysis identifies where and when the incidents occurred, the types of incidents, and the threat agents that executed them, including the methods and techniques used to gain entry. The financial and operational impacts on the "victims" are also analyzed.

The report includes detailed results and analysis from the second annual RISI Control System Security Benchmark Survey. The survey data provides very interesting insight into the current state of control system security, especially when compared with the data regarding actual incidents. For example, RISI data indicates that 33 percent of all industrial control system security incidents were perpetrated through remote access. This data is supported by 48 percent of survey respondents reporting that remote access to the controls systems is allowed at their facilities.

Twelve control system integrators join CSIA

The Control System Integrators Association (CSIA) announces the following control system integration companies have joined the association:

  • Cogent Industrial Technologies, Richmond, British Columbia, Canada
  • Fosdick & Hilmer Inc., Cincinnati, Ohio, U.S.
  • Ingautin de Colombia Ltda, Bogota, D.C., Colombia
  • Intecol SA, Medellin, Antioquia, Colombia
  • Intelligent Systems Integrator EST, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
  • IS International Services LLC, Lawrenceville, Ga., U.S.
  • Kubica Corp., Novi, Mich., U.S.
  • Matador Controls LLC, Palm Bay, Fla., U.S.
  • Outbound Technologies, New Hudson, Mich., U.S.
  • Proctek Inc., Bakersfield, Calif., U.S.
  • Superior Control Systems Inc., Tempe, Ariz., U.S.
  • Trutegra, Charlotte, N.C., U.S.

CSIA helps members improve their business skills, provides a forum to share industry expertise, and promotes the benefits of hiring a certified control system integrator. CSIA has more than 400 members in 27 countries.

Improved maintenance with portable vibration analyzer

Kimberly Clark's Loudon, Tenn., paper mill was one of the first plants to test Emerson's CSI 2140 machinery health analyzer. After several weeks of using the new vibration analyzer, the plant reported faster completion of their normal maintenance routes, easier and quicker data analysis, and an overall more comfortable experience working with the unit in the field.

Multiple facilities like Kimberly Clark invested their time and experience in the beta test process for Emerson. Their real-world applications test the results users will achieve with the analyzer. "It's very quick, especially with slow-speed equipment," said Dennis Keaton, maintenance mechanic at Kimberly Clark's Loudon paper mill. "We run 1200 to 1300 points per week, so the speed of setting up and taking readings is very important."

An integrated analysis tool provides the complete picture of asset reliability. With the CSI 2140, vibration tools coexist with balancing, temperature, trends, and motor diagnostic tools. In addition, four-channel vibration analysis capabilities deliver insight into operating conditions to help correctly diagnose complex machinery problems. Embedded intelligence guided Kimberly Clark technicians through testing and analytics. Even less-experienced technicians could confidently monitor and diagnose equipment issues with minimal training.

In addition, the human-centered approach to the design of the CSI 2140 made an immediate impact. At Kimberly Clark, with approximately 8,400 measurements per month, the smaller size of the analyzer made routes more comfortable. Measurements in the dark areas of the mill were much easier with the brighter screen.