The International Society of Automation (www.isa.org) is a nonprofit professional association that sets the standard for those who apply engineering and technology to improve the management, safety, and cybersecurity of modern automation and control systems used across industry and critical infrastructure. Founded in 1945, ISA develops widely used global standards; certifies industry professionals; provides education and training; publishes books and technical articles; hosts conferences and exhibits; and provides networking and career development programs for its 36,000 members and 350,000 customers around the world.
ISA owns Automation.com, a leading online publisher of automation-related content, and is the founding sponsor of The Automation Federation (www.automationfederation.org), an association of non-profit organizations serving as “The Voice of Automation.” Through a wholly owned subsidiary, ISA bridges the gap between standards and their implementation with the ISA Security Compliance Institute (www.isasecure.org) and the ISA Wireless Compliance Institute (www.isa100wci.org).
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The following ISA books are now available in either .epub or .mobi format, which can be read on Kindle, iPAD, or dozens of other e-readers:
Gregory K. McMillan and Hunter Vegas
Do you want to:
• Know more than your boss?
• Sleep like a baby before a startup (less crying in the middle of the night)?• Get back early from startups?• Have vendors ask what you think works best?• Become the "Go To Person?"• Have your CEO smile at you?• Inspire your children to become automation engineers?• Get a knowing twinkle in your eyes like the technologist about to retire?• Get asked what is your key to success?• Get invited by operators to special meals in the control room kitchen?• Create a worldwide recognition of the value of the automation profession?• Become famous and a regular guest on late nite TV?• Be remembered for all the right reasons?
While this book cannot guarantee the above results, the content should provide an automation engineer with a proven path to career and technical success. So much of the automation field depends upon experience, and many feel that experience can only come with gray, thinning hair and lots of wrinkles.
However, with this book, we invite you to take full advantage of two lifetimes of hard-fought lessons learned and to avoid many of the technical and career pitfalls made by the authors.With 60 years of automation and control experience, we—Greg McMillan and Hunter Vegas—have installed hundreds of millions of dollars’ worth of equipment and managed thousands of projects. We have witnessed (and occasionally committed) a whole host of blunders, and we have the scars and gray hair to prove it. Fortunately for you, we are willing to share what works and what doesn’t work so that the next generation can benefit.
So… save your hair! Avoid premature aging! And most importantly, save yourself a whole lot of pain and suffering! We sure wish we’d had a book like this when we were getting started.
Terrence Blevins, Willy K. Wojsznis and Mark Nixon
In this book, the authors address the concepts and terminology that are needed to apply advanced control techniques in the process industry. The book is written for the process or control engineer that is familiar with traditional control but has little or no experience in designing, installing, commissioning and maintaining advanced control applications. Each chapter of the book is structured to allow a person to quickly understand the technology and how it is applied. Application examples are used to show what is required to address an application. Also, a section of each chapter is dedicated to a more in-depth discussion of the technology for the reader that is interested in understanding the mathematical basis for the technology. A workshop is provided at the end of each chapter that explores the technology. The reader may view the workshop solution by going to the web site that accompanies the book. The book provides comprehensive coverage of the major advanced control techniques that are most commonly used in the process industry. This includes tools for monitoring control system performance, on-demand and adaptive tuning techniques, model predictive control, LP optimization, data analytics for batch and continuous processes, fuzzy logic control, neural networks and advancements in PID to use with wireless measurements. Since many readers may work with an existing DCS that does not support advanced control, a chapter of the book is dedicated to tools and techniques that the authors have found useful in integrating advanced control tools into an existing control system. Also, one chapter of the book addresses how dynamic process simulations may be easily created in a DCS to support checkout and operator training on the use of advanced control.
Gregory K. McMillan
This book provides a comprehensive view of what is needed to take advantage of the latest developments in smart and wireless temperature measurements and control strategies. A fundamental understanding of the capabilities of temperature sensors and the advances in wireless technology are provided. The effect of sensor types and installation on measurement accuracy and speed is detailed. Guidance is provided for making the commonly faced choice between thermocouples versus resistance temperature detectors. The temperature control requirements for various types of equipment are discussed. Control systems to meet specific objectives are provided. The appendices provide solutions to the exercises, data important for heat transfer, a unification of controller tuning methods, and equations to estimate process dynamics.
Jim H. Parshall, Larry B. Lamb
The release of ISA-88.01-1995 led to revolutionary advances in the way factories design, implement, and integrate flexible, modular processes. This book explains the standard in clear, user-friendly language. It covers all aspects of ISA-88.01-1995. Parshall and Lamb discuss their implementation of ISA-88, offering examples and explanations to make it applicable across a wide range of industries. From designing better processes to combining recipes with equipment control to execution validation test plans, this book offers an introduction to ISA-88 as well as expert insights into applying it. Parshall and Lamb’s clear, lighthearted style makes this the ideal introduction to ISA-88 for control engineers, project engineers, technicians, operators, information technology professionals, engineering or IT supervisors, and mid-to upper-level managers.
Peter G. Martin, Gregory Hale
After a quick glance at the plant floor, it is very easy to see the industrial automation industry interoperates with other functions within the enterprise. Trying to keep up with changing technologies, however, is never easy and the industrial automation environment is no exception. Whether you are a student just starting out or are a top-level executive or manager well-versed in one domain, but have limited knowledge of the industrial automation industry, it's easy to find yourself adrift in this evolving industry. That is where this easy-to-read book comes in; it provides a basic functional understanding in the field of industrial automation.
In an effort to understand this industry, the authors break down the barriers and confusion surrounding the technical details and terminology used in this converging field. They provide an introductory-level approach, covering most of the major industrial automation topics, such as distributed control systems (DCSs), programmable logic controllers (PLCs), manufacturing execution systems (MESs), and so on. You may even learn a recipe or two. This book is ideal for executives, business managers, information technologists, accountants, maintenance professionals, operators, production planners, just to name a few, and provides an in-depth but easy overview for people new to the field who want to quickly educate themselves.
Are you trying to make sense of all the different industrial automation networks on the market today? Whether you're a novice industrial network user or someone who simply needs to brush up on the technology, Automation Network Selection will help you better understand and select the "right" network for a given application.Automation networks have changed from the initial publication in 2003. This second edition has been updated with those changes. Some promised network standards have become reality and some new standards have begun. In this time period, wireless networks have proliferated, and two standards are emerging: WirelessHART and ISA100.11a. Ethernet has continued its assault on all of the wired networks and has become dominant at the base network layers, as well as with several Application/User layers. Even wireless now carries the traffic once assigned to the wired Ethernet network.
Lawrence (Larry) M. Thompson
This class-tested book gives you a familiarity with electricity and electronics as used in the modern world of measurement and control. Integral to the text are procedures performed to make safe and successful measurements of electrical quantities. It will give you a measurement vocabulary along with an understanding of digital and analog meters, bridges, power supplies, solid state circuitry, oscilloscopes, and analog to digital conversions. This book is about behavior, not design, and thus lends itself to an easy-to-understand format over absolute technical perfection. And where possible, applications are used to illustrate the topics being explained.
The text uses a minimum of mathematics and where algebraic concepts are utilized there is sufficient explanation of the operation, so you may see the solution without actually performing the mathematical operations.
This book is student centered. It has been developed from course materials successfully used by the author in both a college setting and when presented as short course study classes by ISA. These materials have been successful because of the insistence on practicality and solicitation of student suggestions for improvements. Basic Electricity and Electronics for Control will enhance student success in any industrial or technical school setting where basic technician training is to take place.
G.F. (Jerry) Gilman
This book is for anyone who works with boilers: utilities managers, power plant managers, control systems engineers, maintenance technicians or operators. The information deals primarily with water tube boilers with Induced Draft (ID) and Forced Draft (FD) fan(s) or boilers containing only FD fans. It can also apply to any fuel-fired steam generator. Other books on boiler control have been published; however, they do not cover engineering details on control systems and the setup of the various control functions. Boiler Control Systems Engineering provides specific examples of boiler control including configuration and tuning, valve sizing, and transmitter specifications. This expanded and updated second edition includes drum level compensation equations, additional P&ID drawings and examples of permissive startup and tripping logic for gas, oil, and coal fired boilers. It also covers different control schemes for furnace draft control. NFPA 85 Code 2007 control system requirements are included, with illustrated examples of coal fired boilers, as well as information on the latest ISA-77 series of standards.
Peter G. Martin
This second edition helps today’s manufacturing companies face the challenges of a global marketplace where every part of the operation must become more efficient to enhance the bottom line. Based on the results and conclusions of an applied research project of process manufacturing operations directed by the author, Bottom-Line Automation presents an overview of more than 30 years of industry trends, pointing out the strengths and pitfalls of each. The book also explains how manufacturers selected automation technology suppliers for state-of-the-art technological features in their systems rather than for the improvements the technology could offer the manufacturing operation. New topics in the book discuss the economic optimization of industrial assets. Key findings include the fact that returns on automation investments were rarely, if ever, calculated. In fact, accounting systems were not even capable of measuring the performance offered by process automation systems. The author explains a strategy for measuring and improving automation system performance for the ultimate goal—the bottom line, and provides case studies of how such a strategy was implemented in three process manufacturing organizations. The author brings more than 30 years of industry experience, education, and research together in this unprecedented work.
This comprehensive review of calibration provides an excellent foundation for understanding principles and applications of the most frequently performed tasks of a technician. Topics addressed include terminology, bench vs. field calibration, loop vs. individual instrument calibration, instrument classification systems, documentation, and specific calibration techniques for temperature, pressure, level, flow, final control, and analytical instrumentation. The book is designed as a structured learning tool with questions and answers in each chapter. An extensive appendix containing sample P&IDs, loop diagrams, spec sheets, sample calibration procedures, and conversion and reference tables serves as a very useful reference. If you calibrate instruments or supervise someone that does, then you need this book.
Providing a comprehensive overview of the state-of-the-art in Collaborative Process Automation Systems (CPAS), this book discusses topics such as engineering, security, enterprise connectivity, advanced process control, plant asset management, and operator efficiency. Collaborating with other industry experts, the author covers the system architecture and infrastructure required for a CPAS, as well as important standards like OPC and the ISA-95 series of standards. This in-depth reference focuses on the differences between a CPAS and traditional automation systems. Implications on modern automation systems are outlined in theory and practice. This book is ideal for industrial engineers, as well as graduate students in control and automation.
N. E. Battikha
Selecting and implementing measurement and control devices for process automation applications is made easier with this best-selling reference. This clear and concise third edition provides quick access to ISA symbology, instrument and control valve selection criteria, and conversion guidelines, with new sections on maintenance, calibration, decision-making skills, and consulting. A bonus CD-ROM is also included. Whether you are an experienced engineer, technician, salesperson, or project manager, or new to the field, you will better understand how to assess, compare, and select the various methods of measurement and control with this valuable and economical handbook in your library.
Terrence Blevins, Mark Nixon
Note: A Chinese translation of this book is also available in ePub or Mobi format.
In this in-depth book, the authors address the concepts and terminology that are needed to work in the field of process control. The material is presented in a straightforward manner that is independent of the control system manufacturer. It is assumed that the reader may not have worked in a process plant environment and may be unfamiliar with the field devices and control systems. Much of the material on the practical aspects of control design and process applications is based on the authors personal experience gained in working with process control systems. Thus, the book is written to act as a guide for engineers, managers, technicians, and others that are new to process control or experienced control engineers who are unfamiliar with multi-loop control techniques. After the traditional single-loop and multi-loop techniques that are most often used in industry are covered, a brief introduction to advanced control techniques is provided. Whether the reader of this book is working as a process control engineer, working in a control group or working in an instrument department, the information will set the solid foundation needed to understand and work with existing control systems or to design new control applications.
At various points in the chapters on process characterization and control design, the reader has an opportunity to apply what was learned using web-based workshops. The only items required to access these workshops are a high-speed Internet connection and a web browser. Dynamic process simulations are built into the workshops to give the reader a realistic "hands-on" experience. Also, some information is provided on the web site that may be helpful in exploring basic and advanced control techniques. In addition to the online workshops, one chapter of the book is dedicated to techniques that may be used to create process simulations using tools that are commonly available within most distributed control systems.
As control techniques are introduced, simple process examples are used to illustrate how these techniques are applied in industry. The last chapter of the book, on process applications, contains several more complex examples from industry that illustrate how basic control techniques may be combined to meet a variety of application requirements.
Ian Verhappen and Augusto Pereira
Note: This book is also available in Portuguese.
The fourth edition of Foundation Fieldbus significantly expands the subject matter of the earlier editions of this popular book not only to help you stay current with this evolving technology but to also enhance your understanding of Fieldbus. This edition provides in-depth coverage on Fieldbus communications and configuration, including calculation of macrocycle for Control-In-Field and in the Host system and how the different forms of communication on the H1 network work with each other to make Control-In-Field possible, including the use of these different methods to optimize network bandwidth. Part of the field network evolutionary process includes a need to understand better how the changes in Electronic Device Description Language (EDDL), Field Device Tool (FDT), and Field Device Integration (FDI) will affect the way Fieldbus and other networks work together with asset management systems of the future, and your interaction with field devices. More comprehensive step-by-step procedures are discussed for each stage of a typical FF installation: Inspection and electric commissioning to ensure cable integrity, H1 Network commissioning, configuration, and communications tests in the segments and the spurs. Several new photographs and explanations help emphasize the proper installation procedures so you can quickly identify and prevent potential problems when installing Fieldbus systems. The contents of the entire book are then put to use with a full sample network design. The example is based on a typical simplified distillation tower and includes sample calculations/documentation-based. The fourth edition explains Foundation Fieldbus in a convenient, easy-to-understand way, regardless of your level of experience; a novice wanting to learn what FF is all about or an experienced user looking for a few more tips and a single handy reference.
ISA's all-time best-selling book comes with a fully indexed and searchable CD-ROM, making it easier than ever to teach yourself the complexities of process control theory. This classic has been praised for its clear presentation of the principles of process automation and its excellent overview of advanced control techniques. More than just a reference book, the 15 self-study units provide a solid foundation in theory, as well as a discussion on computer-integrated manufacturing, statistical process control, and expert systems. Both theoretical and practical, this guide lets readers teach themselves the fundamental scientific principles that govern process control, particularly feedback control. This third edition emphasizes the conceptual framework for an application, offering a practical understanding of the theory, along with specific illustrations on how concepts are implemented, along with exercises and answers to further the reader's knowledge and understanding. Appendices include a glossary of terms, graphic symbols for process measurement and control, and solutions to all exercises.
Thomas W. Kerlin, Ph.D.
America and the world face daunting questions about how we produce energy and how we use it. Conservation and improved energy efficiency can help in reducing energy requirements, but cannot halt the steady increase in energy consumption. Increasing world population and increasing energy appetites in emerging economies will create competition for energy resources for all nations.
The possibilities for future energy production include fossil fuels (oil, natural gas, coal, oil sands, and oil shale), biofuels, solar, wind, hydroenergy, geothermal and nuclear (probably fission and possibly fusion). Each of these sources has relative advantages and disadvantages. The problem is to produce enough sustainable energy while avoiding unacceptable environmental consequences, especially climate change.
In order to evaluate the potential of the various energy options, citizens must understand the basic science that underlies each potential energy source and each energy use technology. This knowledge permits assessment of what is possible and practical and, maybe more importantly, what is impossible or impractical. Fortunately most of the pertinent science is old, well established and, for the most part, quite simple. This science provides a framework into which one can insert real data and draw conclusions. Without such quantitative assessments, claims about capabilities of the various energy options must be viewed as unverified assumptions rather than hard facts. This book presents the essential science in an easy-to-understand, yet comprehensive way.
A big change in the ways that we produce and use energy is inevitable. Informed choices will help avoid waste, avoid unnecessary disruptions in our lives and avoid undesirable environmental effects. The purpose of this book is to help the reader make informed decisions about which energy production technologies to support and which energy use technologies and lifestyle options to implement in his/her personal life.
Ideal for users and designers of industrial control and monitoring systems, this book provides an easy-to-use, yet effective, method to configure, design, and validate human-machine interfaces (HMIs). Such systems include distributed control systems (DCSs); supervisory control and data acquisition systems (SCADAs); and stand-alone units. This book also discusses the overall HMI design process; how that process relates to system design; detailed design methods, principles, and rules for individual displays and groups of displays; and integrating both software-based and hardwired HMIs.
The primary audience intended for this book is designers and developers of HMIs; however, it will also assist project leaders and managers, engineers, and system integrators in ensuring that the systems they design will work synergistically with operators, thus leading to improved safety and productivity. The book was also written with operators in mind. Having been in field service for a number of years, the author recognizes that operators and their supervisors optimize processes on a day-to-day basis. It is hoped this book will help them better understand how to enhance and optimize existing HMIs, and to express their operational requirements in a way that can be more easily understood by HMI designers.
Thomas A. Hughes
Ideal for classroom use or self-study, this newly updated best-selling book has provided thousands of students, technicians, engineers, and sales people with a practical introduction to the principles, technologies, and strategies used in industrial process control. This fifth edition takes the same proven approach of previous editions. Each chapter begins with basic definitions and concepts that allow readers to become well versed in the principles necessary to understand the variables that affect process control systems. New features in the fifth edition include improved coverage of process control computers and industrial networks and a new chapter on liquid density measurement. Sections were also added on human machine interface (HMI), wireless devices and networks. The book includes solutions to exercises that make it more suitable for self-study.
Are you having trouble demonstrating to management what a manufacturing execution system (MES) is and what it can do for you? Or do you simply need to justify why your company even needs an MES? Perhaps you're the executive decision maker and just need some answers. Bianca Scholten, author of the best-selling book The Road to Integration: A Guide to Applying ISA-95 in Manufacturing, shares her expertise on the topic in this easy-to-read guide to MES. In recent decades, industrial companies have invested much time and money in not only machine and production line automation but also ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning) systems. The MES falls between these two layers. Many plants rely on outdated methods for both preparatory activities (such as detailed production scheduling and recipe management) and retrospective activities (such as data collection, reporting, and analysis). MES can provide an effective remedy to this time-consuming, error-prone situation. Ideal for CEOs, CFOs, and managers, Scholten's book sheds light on how to complete your plant's move into the twenty-first century. Using knowledge gleaned from her extensive experience as an MES consultant and from IT professionals, production managers, and colleagues who have been through the MES experience, Scholten covers MES selection, what to expect during implementation and initial use, the advantages of using a single MES for multiple sites (and how to develop one), and return on investment considerations. She also provides a bird's-eye view of the widely adopted ISA-95 standard to facilitate effective, efficient communication between company systems.
Gerald W. Cockrell
In today's economy, organizations must perform faster, better, and cheaper. Projects have to conform to ever-tightening schedules and budgets. Because Practical Project Management: Learning to Manage the Professional, Second Edition focuses specifically on techniques proven to be effective in industry, it is the ideal reference for both new and experienced project managers. Readers enjoy a brief discussion of project management theory mingled with practical applications intended to avoid reinventing the wheel. This resource maximizes the reader's time, providing the tools necessary to save time and money. Practical Project Management: Learning to Manage the Professional, Second Edition, goes beyond the scope of a simple how-to book. It defines each unique phase of a project and then provides practical knowledge in areas such as budget and cost estimates, contracts, negotiating, team building, scheduling, and choosing project management software. In addition, the book provides sample forms, contracts and bids for industrial projects. The second edition updates some of the newer concepts including SCRUM Project Management. This methodology offers some new techniques that may be used with automation-related projects.
Paul Gruhn, P.E., CFSE and Harry Cheddie, P.E., CFSE
This revised best-seller is ideal for instrumentation and control system engineers in the process industries who are responsible for designing, installing, and maintaining safety instrumented systems. Engineers, managers, technicians, and sales professionals employed by end users, engineering firms, systems integrators, and consultants can all benefit from the material presented here. Safety Instrumented Systems: Design, Analysis, and Justification, 2nd Edition addresses the increased realization that today’s engineering systems—and the computers used to control them—are capable of large-scale destruction. When even a single accident could be disastrous, the luxury of learning from experience no longer exists. This book is a practical how-to text on the analysis, design, application and installation of safety instrumented systems.
Safety experts Paul Gruhn and Mike Medoff discuss Safety Instrumented Systems, the ISA 84 standard, safety lifecycles, Safety Integrity Levels, SIF equipment justification, operations and maintenance requirements, and more.
William M. Goble and Harry Cheddie
This book clearly explains how to do probabilistic calculations to accomplish SIL verification for safety systems. Starting with a description of the safety life cycle, the authors show where and how SIL verification fits into the key activities from conceptual design through commissioning. The book not only explains the theory and methods for doing the calculations, the authors also provide many examples from the chemical, petrochemical, power and oil & gas industries. Through numerous examples, the authors make the material understandable, plus the data tables give readers important information needed to do the verification calculations. The authors provide example failure rate data and other important metrics needed for probabilistic calculations. Appendices cover probability, failure modes, diagnostic analysis, fault tree analysis, Markov Models, and system architectures.
Paul Gruhn (Audio message)
Whether you're an engineer, a technical salesperson, or a marketing guru, giving presentations is a must to get support for your projects or proposals. This second edition of Sell More Through Effective Technical Presentations provides helpful tips and real-life examples on how to give effective technical presentations from a sales perspective. The ability to present well plays a major role in your success. This updated, easy-to-read guide provides new information on presentation materials, styles, and the use of technology, which will help you become a more competent speaker and let you face a crowd with confidence. The author includes his own humorous cartoons at the start of each chapter to help illustrate what you should or shouldn't do when giving a presentation.
Charlie Gifford, Editor and Contributing Author
Do you want to dramatically lower total cost of ownership (TCO) for manufacturing IT architectures and manufacturing, as well as reduce supply chain operational costs? The methodologies and technical applications presented in this first annual ISA-95/MESA Best Practices book will help get you started on the right track. This book provides in-depth coverage on how you can apply ISA-95, Enterprise-Control Integration Standard, to help lower TCO of manufacturing operations management (MOM) systems and their enterprise and plant interfaces. It consists of a series of related "how-to" white papers described in the context of ISA-95 models, definitions, and data exchanges. To be competitive, actual manufacturing operations activities must be highly interactive in supply chain and enterprise processes for effective collaboration and competition. This is the domain of collaborative and flexible MOM system architectures. This book explains the business cases for using evolving ISA-95 methods to effectively design, implement, change and optimize the MOM business processes and supporting MOM system architectures within the distributed pull supply chains. A CD-ROM version is also available.
Springing from the international success of Books 1.0 and 2.0, the ISA-chartered ISA-95 Best Practices Working Group, chaired by Charlie Gifford, brings out its third collection of Manufacturing Operations Management (MOM) methodology white papers. The Book 3.0 collection focuses on MOM system engineering to organize the complex 21st-century manufacturing plant and to optimize its role in a global supply chain. The methods do not trivialize the complexities as simply equipment optimization or material quality or consumption problems. In the twenty-year evolution of computerized manufacturing solutions, most manufacturers primarily applied and still apply point solutions to department issues. Book 3.0 explains how to develop an overall operations process definition. This definition determines operations dependencies for the entire plant in the supply network. The operations process definition as the MOM Master User Requirement Specification maps out the "As-Is" inefficient operations and the "To-Be" reengineered efficient operations. Current leaders and managers of most manufacturers have a very limited vision of how their plants must operate in the global market in five or ten years to be competitive in 2020-2025. Today's manufacturing managers generally do not have a concept of the total engineering cost to transform their paper-based operations into real-time manufacturing using artificial intelligence for their work processes. The proven reality of manufacturing operations is that manufacturing innovation requires an iterative continuous improvement process through MOM systems engineering. This requires leaders to accept innovation with managed risk to move manufacturing operations technologies forward. Operations intelligence is high-risk innovation. Period. But by 2025, those manufacturers who have not adopted paperless processes for intelligent operations will simply not be able to compete globally and will fail in business. Book 3.0 lays out the foundation to succeed.