- By Drew Mackley, Shane Moser
- Operations and Maintenance
A focus on integrating data helps build a foundation for improved performance across both the plant and enterprise.
The process industries rely on high-performing equipment to meet ever-increasing goals in support of their organizations. Unaddressed equipment issues can lead to costly repairs or replacements and create safety issues.
As experienced maintenance personnel retire in droves, creating a skilled worker shortage, few plants can continue to rely on manual maintenance checks to ensure equipment runs at its best. To close the gap, plants will continue the move to automated asset management, which will optimize maintenance planning and reduce costs through early diagnosis and analytics-based decision support for developing issues.
However, asset management technologies implemented without a plan have the potential to generate problems that complicate maintenance in new ways. To avoid these problems, organizations striving for the best performance must carefully plan system implementation based on a foundation of integration—among technologies and key stakeholders, and with business enterprise systems.
The rise of data
Rapid decreases in the cost of sensing technologies have made it fast and easy to instrument nearly everything in the plant. Maintenance teams are quickly shifting critical, and even balance-of-plant equipment, from the list of assets needing routine in-person monitoring to a more automated monitoring strategy (figure 1).
However, the multitude of devices monitoring plant equipment are controlled by a wide range of software and protocols—often proprietary—to deliver the critical data plant personnel rely on for better decision making, creating potential issues. As plants add additional disparate monitoring systems to their maintenance arsenals (figure 2), the risk of stranded data and barriers to collaboration rapidly increases. Technicians and analysts could have to sift through mountains of data across many different systems.
To address these and other issues, forward-thinking organizations are engineering their asset management solutions around software that aggregates and analyzes data from multiple monitoring technologies, while providing tools to share and enhance data locally and in the cloud for enterprise-wide collaboration.
Teaching technologies to communicate
Today’s asset management is about more than identifying a spike in vibration or temperature on a piece of equipment. Plant personnel also must focus on asset interaction and how those interactions affect production. For example, what if a vibration increase only occurs when another piece of equipment upstream is in a certain state? Or, what if a temperature spike only happens on Thursdays at 4:00 p.m.?
To investigate these multivariate issues, personnel must be aware of all relevant variables, and even the most skilled technicians cannot be in two places at once. Instead of waiting for a new generation of technicians to come up to speed and manually cover every asset, tomorrow’s maintenance teams will rely on integration among all the devices monitoring plant assets, so their results can be viewed, compared, and trended in one place.
When different devices operate using different protocols, guidelines, and software packages, operators and technicians are left running between pieces of equipment or switching between many different systems, some in different areas of the plant. This style of work slows responses and significantly limits return on investment (ROI) for asset management technologies. The solution lies in integrating data from a wide variety of devices using a shared technology architecture. Doing so requires open technology standards for asset monitoring. Many of these standards are currently in their infancy, but even these early open technologies are already significantly impacting the way organizations design automated monitoring systems.
To speed ROI, plants are turning to machinery health software packages that can collect data from many types of devices, perform local analysis, and export critical values (lead photo). These software packages analyze aggregated data from multiple monitoring technologies to make an early diagnosis of developing issues and to help users identify root causes and isolate problems before they become severe. Information is presented intuitively in a single location, so users do not need to search through mountains of data, potentially in a variety of disparate systems.
As more plants embrace the integrated data foundation, industry will share machinery health data exported via OPC UA in data repositories, such as data lakes, where it can be combined with metadata, process data, historian data, and more. Such systems can quickly turn raw data into the highly contextualized information plant personnel need to improve performance, efficiency, and safety.
An interconnected workforce
Collaboration is key to plant health. Whether maintenance personnel are standing next to each other at an asset or relaying important workflow steps from a corporate headquarters miles away, success is directly related to the ease with which they can share data, advice, and awareness. As staffing shortages escalate and plants are forced to accomplish more with fewer people, industry will continue to build comprehensive collaboration platforms to extend the reach of expert personnel without the delay, cost, and hassle of travel.
To empower smaller workforces, organizations will leverage persona-based machinery health software to help mobile workers more easily identify problems. With persona-based platforms, users receive only the data relevant to their roles, so they do not miss critical issues buried under alerts and alarms more relevant to other personnel. Critical asset health information is clearly highlighted on intuitive graphical dashboards, showing machinery health status at a glance.
Highly performing plants will use those same collaboration software packages to make sharing information easy. To help personnel, industry will rely on platforms with robust machine journal tools to comprehensively log work recommendations and the history of previous actions. Technicians will attach photos, videos, notes, annotations, and more to create a living document of all the different problems a site or piece of equipment has experienced throughout its lifecycle.
The move toward a persona-based framework for such tools will enable better visibility through intuitive collaboration among users across a plant or enterprise. Collaboration can include tagging other personnel, so they receive real-time notifications of updates, work in progress, and any requests for expert support—or to identify issues in need of attention and to assign the proper person.
These platforms will feed into new digital transformation technologies used across the enterprise to centralize maintenance and help smaller crews serve a wider area without delay. Vendor-neutral connectivity to data lakes will make it easy for the content of a plant’s live journal to be viewed, tracked, and trended from anywhere. Experienced technicians in a centralized maintenance center, or performing critical work at other plants, will be able to view comprehensive histories of all the plants in the enterprise, empowering them to monitor and assist less-experienced personnel working in those facilities.
When less-experienced technicians need more involved assistance, they can use holistic data management platforms for instant support. Advanced data management platforms will provide established workflows and instant access to manuals, video walkthroughs, knowledge bases, and more to rapidly upskill new and experienced personnel. The same tools will also use global positioning system (GPS) technology to help guide personnel to the right assets, and personnel can use geofencing software to avoid hazardous or off-limits areas.
When a plant requires a technician with more experience than the staff available on site, data management platforms connect personnel with more experienced technicians—internal or external to the organization—from anywhere in the world. Using augmented reality tools, these technicians can see exactly what an operator or technician is seeing in real time and assist using annotations directly overlaid on the user’s screen. As more organizations use these technologies, crucial personnel will become untethered from physical locations, so companies can create integrated centers of support to give assistance quickly and easily from anywhere in the world.
Improving the view from above
Key performance analytics start at the plant level—where the processes, equipment, and systems reside and interact. But even plant-level analytics are driven by corporate initiatives. As these plant-level initiatives show ROI, many organizations will begin to expand their reach, performing analytics across plants on similar assets to gain visibility of higher-level trends. These macro-level analytics require seamless integration to business systems, many of which reside in the cloud.
In the past, getting plant data to enterprise systems required infrastructure—hardware, software, and a reliable backbone of network equipment—all of which needed a skilled information technology (IT) staff to manage. But today, many of the tools plants rely on to aggregate and contextualize machinery health data are either cloud ready or entirely cloud based.
Machinery health platforms will play a key role in the transition to cloud platforms, acting as translation packages to help make device data cloud ready. As industry continues to embrace the cloud for macro-level analytics, it will rely heavily on machinery health applications. These platforms will collect crucial data from sensors and export it via application programming interfaces and open protocols, such as OPC UA, to data repositories where it can be accessed by cloud systems.
Industry trends toward sending data straight to cloud applications—directly from the plant floor via an edge gateway or 4G router, for example—will enable plant teams to import critical data into analytics and support tools without the need for IT experts to support hardware and connectivity. The same cloud tools will also help connect to even the most remote assets, ensuring no equipment data is ever stranded. Such simple cloud connectivity tools are leveling the playing field by unlocking scalable analytics solutions for organizations of any size.
Without having to invest in hardware and technology support, it is easy to start small with a pilot application of analytics because initial investments of both time and money are dramatically reduced. And when those pilot programs show success through fast ROI, they can easily be scaled up without having to change hardware. Moving to more robust, wide-ranging, and comprehensive analytics is as simple as changing the terms of the hosting agreement.
An integrated technology foundation
At every level of industry, personnel need high-quality, contextualized, mobile data to generate information and provide insight into the safety, performance, and health of operations and equipment (figure 3). As plants move toward fully automated and predictive maintenance, they need to generate information quickly and easily, and to deliver it to relevant personnel.
Successful long-term maintenance strategy depends on selecting technologies that are designed from the ground up for easy integration. These technologies deliver the richest data to the relevant personnel at the right time, while providing tools for users to work together efficiently and effectively. As those tools generate ROI, often quickly, they will be better positioned to scale with the plant and the enterprise, protecting the organization’s investment over the lifecycle of its equipment.All figures courtesy of Emerson
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