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Continuing earlier studies into the relationship between the residual limb, liner and socket in transtibial amputees, we describe a geometrically accurate non-linear model simulating the donning of a liner and then a socket. The socket is rigid and rectified and the liner is a polyurethane gel type which is accurately described using non-linear (Mooney-Rivlin) material properties. The soft tissue of the residual limb is modelled as homogeneous, non-linear and hyperelastic and the bone structure within the residual limb is taken as rigid. The work gives an indication of how the stress induced by the process of donning the rigid socket is redistributed by the liner. Ultimately we hope to understand how the liner design might be modified to reduce discomfort. The ANSYS finite element code, version 5.6 is used.
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